[Video] Entrevista con Marlon “Señor alemán” Görnert

Hoy nuevamente tengo el gusto de presentar la entrevista a un amigo que realmente se transformó en una charla muy interesante sobre la vida en general y que espero que haya una segunda parte de esta. Quizás esta fue bastante informal, pero creo que le da un gran toque de naturalidad y una sensación de comodidad.

Marlon es alemán y actualmente reside en Estocolmo, Suecia. Sabe alemán, inglés, español (con un perfecto acento porteño), portugués, catalán, francés, sueco e italiano, con un fuerte interés en otros idiomas germánicos y lenguas itálicas, como el sardo. Nos hemos conocido por intereses en común y muchas veces pasamos horas conversando, discutiendo y riéndonos de distintos temas y básicamente, eso queremos plasmar en este video.

Los invito también a seguir a Marlon en su canal de YouTube y su página de Facebook.


[Video] Entrevista a Carlos Reyes – Periodista chileno y profesor de hebreo

[Post in Spanish since the interview is in that language]

Nuevamente, les tengo una entrevista que grabé hace un tiempo con un compatriota mío que reside actualmente en Perú, Carlos Reyes. Él es periodista y profesor de idiomas (de inglés y hebreo), cuya historia de vida es muy interesante debido a que ha aprendido un idioma poco común, el hebreo, sin siquiera tener una conexión fuerte con la cultura de Israel. Él también maneja una página de Facebook en la que se traducen canciones al hebreo llamada Tazinu (y que les invito a seguir).

He aquí la entrevista:


[Video] Language Learning Goals for 2017

While I’m working on the next round of videos, I’ve made my Language Learning Goals for this year. Considering I will have to deal with many things in other aspects, I’ve managed to keep them real, manageable. They are not very ambitious, but I’ll have to see. If I had to summarize them, probably it could be under strengthening my knowledge.




[Video] #polyglotchallenge

One of the best things about updating this blog with videos is the amount of time it takes. It did not take plenty of my time!

Chris Huff from Language Fan did this challenge about 2 weeks ago and I found it quite interesting, so I joined it as well. Basically, he adapted this challenge from Instagram and took it to a YouTube format, which is the one I used as well. You can check out the questions here and many people who follow me on Facebook or Youtube may have seen my videos step by step, but for those who may have missed it, here are my 10 answers 🙂


Taking notes in Chile: a good way to speed up knowledge

It’s been about a month since I went back to University as a student. I haven’t been a regular student since I got my Bachelor’s degree in December 2011, so going back to a study rhythm in which I have to do projects, turn in papers or tasks and take notes (along with working fulltime)… hasn’t been easy (though I won’t deny that… I love being back at University! I like my classes and the environment over there).

Considering that most of my lectures last for more than 120 minutes, it can be tiresome to keep yourself focused and take notes of what my professors are saying. They often talk about so many topics in a short span of time that I don’t know what to write first or by the time I finished a sentence, my professor talks about something unrelated to the first point. In those moments, you have to be an efficient notetaker and luckily, I learned how to use abbreviations and symbols while taking notes.

Around 5th-6th grade my Spanish teacher taught me (and my class) how to be more efficient with note-taking for personal use (that is to say you cannot use them in any kind of formal document, essay, test or exam) through abbreviations. Most of those abbreviations are formed because of Logics, Maths, Science or even… how words sound. They are highly helpful while taking notes in a rush and from there, you can also create your own abbreviations or shortcuts, depending on your interests (for example, since I study humanities, Churches as institution have a small church drawing to save time).

In order to help you to be acquainted with symbols and abbreviations used for note-taking, I’ve made a short list that you can download and use it, in order to practice and take faster notes in Spanish (at least in Chile) or whenever your Chilean friend lends you his/her notes 😉

Download full size version HERE.

Do you use such abbreviations in your native or target language? Do they help you to take notes faster? Share your experience in the comments section!

[Update] The best, free and LEGAL materials to learn Polish, part 2

It’s been about a year since I wrote this post about materials to learn Polish and I am happy to mention that there are now more materials to start learning and practicing Polish the right way and suited to every need. As always, my goal is to show you the best, free and LEGAL materials to learn a language as there are plenty of better ones that are paid (and well worth paying for them).

  • Po polsku po Polsce: This site should be bookmarked and given to every person who wants to start to seriously learn Polish. It is a site that was developed by the prestigious Jagiellonian University in Kraków and financed by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The structure is very similar to the textbook I used for my A1 level and I believe the lessons are well done, with a strong focus on language you will use and grammar rules. It is probably one of the most complete free basic courses in Polish out there.
  • U of Pittsburgh new site: I thought this site was gone, but it is now back under a different address.
  • BBC Polish: Do you want to drill your first contact words or polish your Polish pronunciation? This site makes great use of audio and drilling in order to nail the right sz and ś.
  • Polonus YouTube channel: Polonus is a Polish language school for foreigners located in Łódź that offers several YouTube videos in which they teach certain aspects of Polish language such as slang, verbs, cases and many other things. Explanations are in Polish, but the most basic ones are explained in very simple language, so you can gain more exposure.
  • Polski z Anią Youtube channel: Another YouTube channel, but this time from Professor Anna Rabczuk from the Polonicum Centre of Polish Language and Culture for Foreigners at the University of Warsaw. Videos have English subtitles.
  • Duolingo: Duolingo now has Polish courses that may help you practice what you’ve learned above. One of the biggest issues reported is the lack of grammar explanations, so you might want to complement your learning.
  • Habla Polaco: Do you speak Spanish? ¿Hablas castellano? This free course from the Polish Cultural Institute in Madrid offers you the very basics of Polish in Spanish. The course has PDF sheets and MP3 audios.
  • The languages Declension sheet for Polish: This should be printed or put in your mobiles for quick doubts.
  • Mówić po polsku: This site might be very helpful to clear out some doubts learners have. If you know German, this site is even better.
  • Learn Polish with Sam and Biluś: This blog has probably one of the best explanations on motion verbs I have seen.

Do you know more resources to learn Polish? Have you tried any of those listed? Share them in the comments!

[Video] Your own language learning method

I got inspired to make, yet another, video on YouTube about creating your own language learning method. These are guidelines you can use when you reach an intermediate level and take things to the next level.

Remember, learning on your own does not mean you are learning alone.

Share your experience and feedback on the comments

My life story as Polyglot: Guest post by Dimitris Polychronopoulos

Today I’m feauturing a guest post by Dimitris Polychronopoulos, a Greek man with an interesting life story regarding languages and his experiences with learning different ones, especially with French. I must say that Dimitris’s story is quite similar to mine, though there are some differences that you may see later.

If you would like to be a guest writer on Linguablog.org, please contact me.

My life story as a Polyglot

I’m Dimitris Polychronopoulos. I’m a citizen of both Greece and USA. My mother is a monolingual English-speaker and my father is bilingual Greek and English speaker. As a child growing up in the US, I had a basic knowledge of Greek and took Greek lessons at the Greek Orthodox church. I could read and write Greek at a basic level from an early age but I didn’t get the push to really move it along until later, even though deep inside I knew someday I would live in Greece. However it wasn’t until after my second visit to Greece in my 20’s that I became proficient in the Greek language and I became determined to live there, which I did from March 2000 until 2009. Getting better at my heritage language, Greek came as a roundabout way that I’ll explain here.

When I was a child, my favorite book was the World Atlas. I would look at the different maps and dream of traveling to the many different countries I saw as I looked through the pages. Then I started thinking about how it would be important to learn different languages in order to help communicate during the travels. I wrote a list of all the countries I wished to visit and all the languages I wanted to learn. My family thought I was crazy. That didn’t stop me from carrying out my plans though. Years have gone by and now I’ve visited more than 100 countries on all seven continents, have lived in seven different countries, have sojourned in an additional eight countries and have studied more than 15 languages — some of which I am proficient in and some of which I can survive in and some of which I’m somewhere in between.

The above example shows how at an early age, I showed curiosity and wasn’t deterred by any of the skepticism of those around me to carry through with my plans. As an adult, it happens that I took the ‘Big Five’ personality test, where I scored high on ‘Openness’, which means being intellectually curious, appreciating beauty and the arts, being in touch with ones’ feelings, and looking for adventure.

It wouldn’t surprise me if some people who do poorly at languages are dragged down by their lack of openness. The other parts of the ‘Big Five’ personality test are: agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and neuroticism.

Another factor I scored high in is conscientiousness. This seems to be an important factor as well because a person with a high level of conscientiousness will take the time to study grammar rules, focus on correct pronunciation, and build up a vocabulary.

There is more to being successful at language learning than just personality. Other things factor in as well, such as confidence, motivation, effective methods and the ability to overcome challenges.

Looking back at high school, the first two years of French were not successful. We had to take exams where we conjugated verbs and I even tried writing down verb endings on a tiny ‘cheat sheet’ for one of the exams. The teacher noticed the ‘cheat sheet’ during an exam and confiscated it.

However, by the third year of French, I was the only student in French class who could actually hold a conversation in French and the first one ever in my high school to pass the Advanced Placement French exam. What happened? Where did the change come from?

There were two things that really made a difference. First, my parents took me to French Polynesia and I was able to experience the language in a real environment rather than in just a classroom and from a text book. This visit made me interested in getting beyond the text book. Second, two French exchange students arrived at my high school and became my best friends. In both cases, getting the taste of the language as a living form rather than a classroom task really played the biggest role in changing my attitude about learning French. The language moved beyond just a text book and meant participating in real conversations about real things and events that concerned my life, with real people. That became my motivation to learn French.

Once I had motivation, my confidence was boosted from the French teachers in high school who were married to French spouses and they let me talk to their in-laws.  One of the teachers even invited me several times to their house to chat in French when the family would come over from France. It was completely unique for the French teachers at my high school to see a student actually becoming conversant in French so they boosted my confidence even more by showing so extra interest in me.

They say that once you feel success learning one foreign language, you build the confidence to know you can learn a second one, then a third one, and so forth. That’s how you become a polyglot and a hyperpolyglot. It seems natural that I developed my own path to learning languages despite the fact that nobody else around me was doing so. My success in French built up my confidence and I began self-study in Italian. I noted the similar structure of the language and the cognates and learned about ‘false friends’ as well. For example, Sciare is very different from Chier.  After I started to study Italian, the French joked with me about the Italian skier who was misunderstood and sent to the toilet because he used such a ‘false friend’.

Success didn’t come without sacrifices, however. I spent a lot of lunch breaks during my senior year of high school on my own studying vocabulary, grammar and reading for example. One of my favorite things was the simple versions of French literature Les Miserables that my teachers lent me.

The best news was that my friends invited me to France and that their families really appreciated my efforts in speaking French. From time to time, there were also strangers in France who also commented on it, for example one said that I spoke ‘lentement, mais correctement’. I ended up even getting a scholarship to study at the Université d’Angers for a semester. It was a great experience.

My biggest challenge in learning a language is listening. It’s my biggest weakness in all languages really. Sometimes I’m embarrassed to ask somebody to repeat something and I laugh nervously, say a non sequitur or change the subject. Sometimes I end up making a tangentially related response. I know that best thing to do is to ask the person to repeat it slowly or clearly. I have a fear that the person will switch to English or that I will lose face. This is something I always need to be aware of and need to try to improve. Self-awareness and humility are essential to overcome this problem. It is more commonly a problem around people who haven’t spent much time around me. After I get to know somebody, I’m more comfortable asking them to repeat and to let them be aware of the limitations I have in speaking their language. It’s always hardest when I’m not engaged in a one-on-one conversation with somebody. When I’m the only non-native speaker in a group of people speaking one of my target languages, the pace of speech along with any background noise can make it difficult to catch every word. In these circumstances, you just have to absorb the overall meaning and not obsess understanding with every single word or expression.

After all these years of language learning, my main advice to somebody getting started in a new language is listening to the language to learn the sound of the language. Try to determine when one word ends and another begins. Try to note different accents and tones. Get a variety of content. Sometimes you need content at your level. Go for cartoons with subtitles for example. Other times just listen to podcasts in subjects of interest to you. Check out YouTube for content.

Do not obsess about grammar. It will come through the later stages. The grammar was what was wrong with the high school French. We spent time on rote memory of conjugating verbs from the text book. Most people aren’t interested in this and they find it tedious and irrelevant. Understanding the grammar can come later. Even a little bit of exposure to the language (say 15 minutes a day) if it is done steadily, builds up and over time you make progress. For me what works best is diving right in with intensity. That’s what I did when I was first starting Mandarin as well. I was studying for four hours a day for the first four months.

Recently I’ve started a website, Yozzi.com, for advanced language learners who want to improve their writing skills. I welcome guest blogs in different languages and encourage guests not to write in their strongest language but in a different one and to also help others by posting corrections and feedback for those whose blogs are up on the site. There is also a Yozzi Language YouTube channel where I have short videos for advanced learners where I share new vocabulary words in different languages.

Wishing you the best of success with your language learning endeavours. Feel free to write comments and questions here for me to answer.

Thank you Dimitris for your time and dedication!

Lira Popular or learning languages and cultures through poetry and art


As someone who believes that history, culture, society go quite along with language and language learning, it is interesting to always be in the lookout for things people might not know and that might be interesting, not only to other learners, but natives as well.

Up until the 19th century, Chile was probably one of the most underdeveloped regions of the Spanish Empire. This meant that certain things were more relaxed, there were other influences that in other regions weren’t as strong or that news took their time to spread over there. Also, there was a high number of people who couldn’t read or write and access to education or high culture was limited. In fact, the first printing machine arrived to Santiago around the early 19th century. Before, most books were shipped from Spain, Peru (since it was the wealthiest and most important region of the Spanish Empire in South America), the US, the UK or France (carried by the elite who got their education or there or sold by pirates).

After its independence, Chile quickly caught up and print machines became more known. Still, there was a high number of illiterate people who couldn’t read or write. Their source of education was mostly informal: they would watch religious images in Church, they would watch religious plays during certain holidays or inform themselves of what happened in their country and the world by hearing people reading newspapers or so. One of the most popular sources of information for them was the Lira Popular: a simple newspaper that carried certain illustrations done in woodcarving and sensationalist news written in poem format. They were somehow like the tabloids of our time: supernatural news, crime news, religious celebrations or national holidays were their main topics. This style of making and printing news were inspired by Italy, Spain, Portugal or Brazil where they are known as “Cordel literature”.

This genre of poetry/art/journalism became popular in Chile by the last decades of the 19th century. The news followed a certain metric and rhyme that reminded people of Chilean folk music, they were easy to read and were often followed by illustrations. These newspapers were done by people who lived around the most rural/working class neighborhoods of Santiago and Valparaiso. This style of journalism waned by 1920, as people were starting to have more access to elementary education. From 2010, there has been great interest by scholars and the local academic community of preserving what’s left of Lira popular and many people have tried to retake the habit of woodcarving and use it for art or souvenirs, or for scholars, to analyze how the society saw things or what the perception was about women (since many of the verses talk about gender violence), religion, the Army, among other topics. Since 2013, the UNESCO recognized this genre as cultural heritage of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Personally, I think it is a wonderful opportunity to be exposed to these things as they can teach us more about language, culture or even art techniques that people thought they were lost, but they are aesthetically so pleasant. It is a great opportunity for people interested in history, sociology, gender studies, literature or visual arts to come together and compare their analyses regarding one thing. Curiously, I have a particular piece of news that I like, which is about protest regarding the price hike of tram tickets in Santiago, and inviting people to boycott the company. Considering the time it was written, it reminded me of Anarchism and how their thoughts lead, somehow, to creating tango music out of it. You can see how their rhymes work and the use of Bello’s spelling reform, which was widely used in Chile during that time.

You can read more about Lira Popular and check full files about it in these sites (in Spanish): Memoria Chilena, Archivo Bello from the University of Chile.
Do you know similar experiences to Lira Popular in the cultures you are interested? What did you think about it? Do you like reading about history of your target language through alternative sources? Please, let me know in the comments!